What do they look like?
Generally gophers are 6-12 inches in length, have small eyes, tiny ears, short tails, and long hard front teeth. They are brown in color.
Where do gophers live?
Gophers live anywhere they find food. They typically eat 60% of their body weight per day. They eat plants, grass, trees, and roots which mean they find plenty of food in residential and agricultural settings. Good news for gophers -- bad news for you. Gophers create complex tunnel systems 4 to 18 inches below the surface and can cover an area of 200 to 2,000 square feet. These tunnels are approximately 2 to 3.5 inches in diameter, depending on the size of the gopher that lives there.
How do I know if I have gophers?
The calling cards of gophers are the mounds of dirt they create. As the tunnel through your lawn or field, they use their front legs and teeth to push dirt up to the surface. Gopher mounds are 12 to 18 inches wide and four to six inches high. The soil is heaped up to one side around the tunnel entrance, which is one way to determine that you have gophers and not some other burrowing rodents. Gophers typically construct one to three mounds per day.
Is there such a thing as "gopher season"?
Gophers are most active in the spring and summer. They are less active in the winter, although they do not hibernate. In soil that is moist (gardens, lawns, and flower bed) mound building can be seen year-round.
How many gophers are living in my lawn?
The number of gophers inhabiting one area can vary. Gophers are solitary animals and one tunnel system is home to one gopher. The exception is when gophers mate and raise their young. So depending on what time of year it is, there may be more gophers than you think.
When is a gopher's mating season?
Gophers mate and breed in the winter and early spring. They will typically produce one litter of five to six young after a gestation period of only 20 days. In areas that receive substantial irrigation it is not uncommon for gophers to produce up to three litters.
If they are underground, what harm can they do?
An untreated gopher infestation can be devastating to landscaping and agriculture. Remember, gophers feed on plants, trees, and roots. They will eat up gardens, flower beds, lawns, field crops, and can cause immense damage to plastic water lines and sprinkler systems.
When is a good time to get gopher control?
The sooner, the better. Do not hesitate to begin the process of ridding yourself of these pesky invaders.